Fire Safety Tips
Plan Your Home Fire Escape
- Draw a map of your home. Include all windows and doors.
- Find two ways out of every room.
- Make sure you can use every way out.
- Make sure doors and windows are not blocked.
- Choose an outside meeting place in front of your home.
- Go over your plan with everyone in your home.
- Plan to assist anyone who needs help getting outside.
- Test your smoke alarms to be sure they are working.
Installing and Maintaining Smoke Alarms
- Install smoke alarms inside each bedroom, outside each sleeping area and on every level of the home, including the basement.
- On levels without bedrooms, install smoke alarms in the living room/den/family room, near the stairway to the upper level, or in both locations.
- Smoke alarms installed in the basement should be installed on the ceiling at the bottom of the stairs leading to the next level.
- Smoke alarms should be installed at least 10 feet from a cooking appliance to minimize false alarms when cooking.
- Mount smoke alarms high on walls or ceilings (remember, smoke rises). Wall-mounted alarms should be installed no more than 12 inches away from the ceiling from the top of the alarm.
- If you have ceilings that are pitched, install the alarm within 3 feet of the peak but not within the apex of the peak.
- Test smoke alarms at least once a month using the test button on the alarm.
- Make sure everyone in the home understands the sound of the smoke alarm and knows how to respond.
- Replace batteries twice a year.
- Stay in the kitchen when frying food or cooking with oil or grease.
- Never cook when you are tired.
- To put out a pan fire, slide a lid over the pan. Turn off the stove and let the pan cool.
- Keep things that can burn away from the stove.
- Keeps kids and pets at least 3 feet from the stove.
- If you have a fire and it does not go out, get out of the home and call 911.
- Have your furnace cleaned every year.
- Have your chimney cleaned every year.
- Keep space heaters at least 3 feet from anything that can burn.
- Turn space heaters off when you go to bed or leave the room.
- Have a sturdy screen covering your fireplace.
- Never use your oven to heat your home.
- Keep things that can burn, like scarves or other clothes, off of lamps.
- Keep curtains away from light bulbs. Bulbs can get hot and start a fire.
- Do not place things on top of electrical cords. Heavy things can wear the cord and cause a fire.
- Keep cords from under carpets where people can walk on them. They can wear and cause a fire.
- Be sure that light bulbs match what is safe for the lamp. There should be a sticker with that information on the lamp.
Fire Safety Tips for Rural Residents
- Create a defensible space of at least 30 feet around your house and outbuildings
- Closely mow your lawn.
- Ensure your trees are pruned and spaced widely apart.
- Establish fuel breaks along roadways and between buildings and fields or woodlands.
- Keep mufflers and spark arresters on agricultural equipment in proper working order
- Watch out for rocks and metal when bush hogging or mowing.
- Monitor hay-baling operations closely, dry hay can ignite within the baler.
- Watch out for sparks when using welding equipment to build fences or repair equipment.
- Avoid driving or parking vehicles in grassy areas where tall, dry grass comes into contact with hot pollution control equipment under vehicles.
- Check with local fire department to determine if any bans on outdoor burning exist before doing any kind of outdoor burning.
- When debris burning is allowed, establish wide control lines down to bare mineral soil prior to lighting your fire. Burn trash in a burn barrel or other fire-safe receptacle covered with a wire mesh or gird that will help contain burning debris.
- Stay with your fire until it is out.
- If an outside burn gets out of control, call 911.